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All You Need to Know About Surah Quraysh Tafseer

What is Surah Quraysh? Full Guide!

This article is dedicated to answering some of the most common questions about Surah Quraysh. For example, Who are Quraish? Why, When, and Where was Surah Quraysh revealed? What blessings were given to Quraysh? This will help you in your Learning Tafseer Journey.

In addition, it includes speech on Maksud of Surah Quraysh, Tafseer of Surah Quraysh, Surah Quraysh translation, and transliteration in English. Moreover, we will discuss Surah Quraysh’s lessons and benefits. 

Read: Lessons And Benefits of Surah Quraysh

What Is The Meaning of Quraysh?

Surah Quraysh is one of the short Surahs of the Quran. It lies in the 30th Juz’ where it is numbered 106. It was revealed after Surah Al-Fil where some Muslim scholars suggest it is a completion of it.

Surah Quraysh is named after the Quraysh tribe who lived in Makkah before and at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It is the only Surah in the Quran named after a certain tribe. We will further discuss the relevance of this name in Surah Quraysh Maksud and Tafseer.

Surah Quraysh is also named ‘Li-eelaaf’ referring to the first word mentioned in the Surah. ‘Li-eelaaf’ means ‘for the sake of their unity’ or ‘for the sake of their habit’. If you want to be more familiar with Arabic words and meanings, join BayanulQuran Academy Arabic Course Now.  

Surah Quraysh Translation and Transliteration Written in English (Verse by Verse)

Surah Quraysh is one of the shortest Surahs of the Quran. It consists of only four verses talking mainly about the blessings Allah (SWT) has given to the Quraysh tribe and how they should respond to them.

لِإِيلَـٰفِ قُرَيْش

Li-eelaafi quraish

For the accustomed security of the Quraysh –

إِۦلَـٰفِهِمْ رِحْلَةَ ٱلشِّتَآءِ وَٱلصَّيْفِ

Eelaafihim rihlatash shitaaa’i wassaif

Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer –

فَلْيَعْبُدُوا۟ رَبَّ هَـٰذَا ٱلْبَيْتِ

Faly’abudoo rabba haazal-bait

Let them worship the Lord of this House,

ٱلَّذِىٓ أَطْعَمَهُم مِّن جُوعٍۢ وَءَامَنَهُم مِّنْ خَوْفٍۭ

Allazeee at’amahum min joo’inw-wa-aamanahum min khawf

Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear.

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Why Was Surah Quraysh Revealed (Asbab Al-Nuzul)?

Surah Quraysh was revealed as an announcement of Allah’s great blessings and Mercy for Quraysh. Allah (SWT) has granted them security, peace, and honour. He (SWT) saved them from Abraha Al-Habashi who aimed at destroying the Kaaba as mentioned in Surah Al-Fil. Allah (SWT) saved them from poverty and granted them the best food and drink. In addition, they were given the honour of being the keyholders of the sacred Kaaba.

When And Where Was Surah Quraysh Revealed?

Surah Quraysh was revealed in Makkah before hijra as most Muslim scholars suggest. That is clear as its speech is mainly directed to Meccan people who meet Allah’s blessings with denial and disbelief.

What is The Message And Maksud of Surah Quraysh?

The message and Maksud of surah Quraysh is teaching the Quraysh tribe, Muslims, and people, in General, to respond to Allah’s blessings in praise and worship. People shouldn’t deny Allah’s blessings or respond indifferently. 

What Blessings Were Given To Quraysh?

Quraysh tribe was given several great blessings from Allah (SWT). The most important blessing is that the last and final prophet to the whole of mankind Muhammad (PBUH) was sent among them

Besides, they were given the virtue of clothing the Kaaba and hosting the pilgrims every year. In addition, Allah (SWT) protected them against all harm and dangers. They were safe in the Kaaba neighbourhood where Allah protected them against Abraha Al-Habashi’s army who aimed at destroying the sacred Kaaba.

Allah (SWT) has granted them honour among all the Arabian tribes. He (SWT) fed them out of poverty and hunger by facilitating and insuring their trading trips to Syria and Yemen every season. 

Tafseer of Surah Quraysh Meaning in English (Verse by Verse)

The Tafseer of Surah Quraysh is so simple and easy. In the following paragraphs, we will briefly discuss Surah Quraysh Tafseer.

Tafseer Surah Quraysh Verses 1-2

‘Li-eelaafi quraish’ means for the sake of Quraysh’s ‘Ilf’, and ‘Ilf’ means unity or accustomed habit. ‘Eelaafihim rihlatash shitaaa’i wassaif’ means their accustomed habit of going on trading trips in summer and winter.

Quraysh had regular trading trips to Syria in the summer and Yemen in the winter. These trading trips were dangerous at that time when no surveillance was on the deserts and thieves spread everywhere. However, Allah secured Quraysh’s trips and granted them honour in all of the Arabian Peninsula where they were safe and honoured.

These two verses appear incomplete if we stop at this point. However, as Muslim scholars suggested, they are either one or all of the following:

  • They are the forepart predicate of the last two verses

The last two verses include an order from Allah (SWT) to Quraysh to worship Allah(SWT). As if it means, worship Allah and be grateful for His favour of securing your trips.

  • They are Exclamatory

It could be exclamatory; meaning: How dare Quraysh not be grateful for their accustomed trading trips which are Allah’s favour upon them?

  • They are Predicate of the previous Surah (Surah Al-Fil)

Some Muslim scholars suggested that Surah Quraysh is the completion of Surah Al-Fil. Surah Al-Fil ended by showing the severe punishment of Abraha Al-Habashi who aimed at destroying the Kaaba.  As iIf Allah (SWT) says He saved them from Abraha for the sake of their unity or for the sake of securing their accustomed trading trips, which is also a great favour that requires worship and gratitude.

Tafseer Surah Quraysh Verses 3-4

‘Faly’abudoo rabba haazal-bait’ that’s a direct order from Allah (SWT) to Quraysh to worship Him. Allah (SWT) refers to himself in this verse as ‘Rabb haazal-bait’ which means the Rabb or the sustainer of this holy Kaaba. That’s apparently a reminder to Quraysh of Allah’s favour of saving the Holy Kaaba and themselves.

‘Allazeee at’amahum min joo’inw-wa-aamanahum min khawf’ This verse is a reminder of Allah’s favours and blessings. It is a completion of the previous attribute of Allah; Rabb of the Holy Kaaba. These two verses collectively mean: worship the Rabb of Kaaba who fed you (Quraysh) out of hunger and secured you out of fear.