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the best surahs in the quran

What are the First, Last, Longest, And Shortest Surahs in the Quran

The Quran encompasses a diverse range of Surahs, each with its significance and message. Surah Al-Fatihah, the first Surah, acts as a foundational introduction to the Quran, recited in every Salah, while Surah An-Nas, the last Surah, emphasizes seeking refuge in Allah and guidance throughout life. Surah Al-Baqarah stands as the longest Surah, delving into Islamic teachings comprehensively, and Surah Al-Kawthar, the shortest, succinctly reminds Muslims of divine blessings and mercy.

Surahs in the Quran are the building blocks of the Quran, each carrying a unique message that contributes to the holistic guidance provided by the holy book of Islam. Learn what are the First, Last, Longest, And Shortest Surahs in the Quran.

What is the Quran?

The Quran, the holy book of Islam, is a compilation of 114 Surahs, each holding its unique significance and divine guidance for Muslims. The first Surah of the Quran, Surah Al-Fatihah, is of paramount importance, recited in every unit of prayer and serving as an introduction to seeking Allah’s blessings and wisdom. On the other hand, the last Surah, Surah An-Nas, emphasizes the continuous need for seeking Allah’s help and protection throughout life.

What is the Order if the Quranic Surahs:

The Quranic Surahs are not only ordered according to the current arrangement but also have a chronological order of revelation. The first Surah to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is Surah Al-‘Alaq, revealing the first verses during the blessed Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr). Conversely, the last Surah to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is Surah An-Nasr, granted to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) near the end of his life.

First Surah of the Quran

The first surah in terms of the current order of the Quran is Surah Al-Fatihah, also known as “The Opening”. Surah al-Fatiha is the first Surah of the Quran. It consists of seven verses and is considered one of the most important Surahs in Islam. Muslims recite Surah Al-Fatihah in every unit of their daily prayers (Salah). It serves as an introduction to the Quran and sets the tone for seeking guidance, wisdom, and blessings from Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate.

The first Surah of the Quran to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Surah Al-‘Alaq, also known as “The Clot” or “The Clinging Clot.” It is the 96th Surah in the traditional order of the Quran and appears in the 30th Juz (section) of the Quran.

Surah Al-‘Alaq was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during the month of Ramadan, specifically on the Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr). This night is one of the most significant and blessed nights in Islam, as it marks the beginning of the revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel (Jibril).

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Last Surah of the Quran

The last surah in the Quran in terms of the current order is Surah An-Nas, also known as “The Mankind” or “The People.”. Surah al-Nas is the 114th and final Surah of the Quran. It consists of six verses and is a supplication seeking refuge in Allah from the evil whispers of Satan and seeking His protection from harm. As the last Surah, it emphasizes the continuous need for seeking Allah’s help and guidance throughout life.

The last Surah of the Quran to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is considered by the majority of Scholars as Surah An-Nasr, also known as “The Help” or “The Divine Support.” It is the 110th Surah in the traditional order of the Quran and appears in the 30th Juz (section) of the Quran.

Surah An-Nasr was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during the final stages of his life, specifically during his return to Makkah after the Farewell Pilgrimage (Hajjat al-Wida) in the 10th year of the Islamic calendar. This Surah was revealed shortly before the passing of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Longest Surah in the Quran: Surah Al-Baqarah

Surah Al-Baqarah, also known as “The Cow,” is the second Surah of the Quran and is the longest Surah in the book. It consists of 286 verses (ayat) and covers various aspects of Islamic teachings, including laws, morality, guidance, and historical narratives. 

The Surah addresses the Children of Israel, the importance of faith, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, and dealings with others. Surah Al-Baqarah is highly revered by Muslims and holds significant importance in Islamic jurisprudence and theology.

Shortest Surah in the Quran: Surah Al-Kawthar

Surah Al-Kawthar, also known as “Abundance” or “Goodness,” is the shortest Surah in the Quran. It consists of only three verses and is a concise but powerful reminder of Allah’s blessings and mercy. In these few verses, Muslims are reminded of the abundant goodness bestowed upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and are encouraged to be grateful for Allah’s favors.

Here is a List of  surahs in quran from shortest to longest in a table 

Surah NumberSurah NameNumber of Verses
108Al-Kawthar3
107Al-Ma’un7
106Quraysh4
105Al-Fil5
1Al-Fatihah7
104Al-Humazah9
103Al-Asr3
102At-Takathur8
101Al-Qari’ah11
100Al-‘Adiyat11
99Az-Zalzalah8
98Al-Bayyinah8
97Al-Qadr5
96Al-‘Alaq19
95At-Tin8
94Ash-Sharh8
93Ad-Duha11
92Al-Layl21
91Ash-Shams15
90Al-Balad20
89Al-Fajr30
88Al-Ghashiyah26
87Al-A’la19
86At-Tariq17
85Al-Buruj22
84Al-Inshiqaq25
83Al-Mutaffifin36
82Al-Infitar19
81At-Takwir29
80‘Abasa42
79An-Nazi’at46
78An-Naba’40
77Al-Mursalat50
76Ad-Dahr31
75Al-Qiyamah40
74Al-Muddathir56
73Al-Muzzammil20
72Al-Jinn28
71Nuh28
70Al-Ma’arij44
69Al-Haqqah52
68Al-Qalam52
67Al-Mulk30
66At-Tahrim12
65At-Talaq12
64At-Taghabun18
63Al-Munafiqun11
62Al-Jumu’ah11
61As-Saff14
60Al-Mumtahinah13
59Al-Hashr24
58Al-Mujadila22
57Al-Hadid29
56Al-Waqi’ah96
55Ar-Rahman78
54Al-Qamar55
53An-Najm62
36Ya-Sin83
35Fatir45
34Saba’54
33Al-Ahzab73
32As-Sajda30
31Luqman34
30Ar-Rum60
29Al-Ankabut69
28Al-Qasas88
27An-Naml93
26Ash-Shu’ara227
25Al-Furqan77
24An-Nur64
23Al-Mu’minun118
22Al-Hajj78
21Al-Anbiya’112
20Ta-Ha135
19Maryam98
18Al-Kahf110
17Al-Isra’111
16An-Nahl128
15Al-Hijr99
14Ibrahim52
13Ar-Ra’d43
12Yusuf111
11Hud123
10Yunus109
9At-Tawbah129
8Al-Anfal75
7Al-A’raf206
6Al-An’am165
5Al-Ma’idah120
4An-Nisa’176
3Al-‘Imran200
2Al-Baqarah286

Top 10 longest Surah in The Quran

Here are the top 10 longest surahs in the Quran, listed in descending order based on the number of verses:

  1. Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – 286 verses
  2. Surah Al-Imran (The Family of Imran) – 200 verses
  3. Surah An-Nisa (The Women) – 176 verses
  4. Surah Al-Ma’idah (The Table Spread) – 120 verses
  5. Surah Al-An’am (The Cattle) – 165 verses
  6. Surah Al-A’raf (The Heights) – 206 verses
  7. Surah Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War) – 75 verses
  8. Surah At-Tawbah (The Repentance) – 129 verses
  9. Surah Yunus (Jonah) – 109 verses
  10. Surah Hud (Hud) – 123 verses

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Read: The Most Powerful Surah In The Quran.

Conclusion:

The Quran comprises 114 Surahs, with each chapter holding its unique significance and message. Surah Al-Fatihah is the first Surah and serves as a foundational prayer in Islam, while Surah An-Nas is the last Surah, emphasizing the ongoing need for Allah’s protection. 

The longest Surah, Surah Al-Baqarah, covers various aspects of Islamic teachings, and the shortest Surah, Surah Al-Kawthar, is a reminder of Allah’s blessings and mercy. Together, these Surahs form the spiritual and moral guidance for Muslims, providing them with wisdom, solace, and direction in their daily lives.