Surahs in the Quran are the building blocks of the Quran, each carrying a unique message that contributes to the holistic guidance provided by the holy book of Islam. Learn what are the First, Last, Longest, And Shortest Surahs in the Quran.
What is the Quran?
The Quran, the holy book of Islam, is a compilation of 114 Surahs, each holding its unique significance and divine guidance for Muslims. The first Surah of the Quran, Surah Al-Fatihah, is of paramount importance, recited in every unit of prayer and serving as an introduction to seeking Allah’s blessings and wisdom. On the other hand, the last Surah, Surah An-Nas, emphasizes the continuous need for seeking Allah’s help and protection throughout life.
What is the Order if the Quranic Surahs:
The Quranic Surahs are not only ordered according to the current arrangement but also have a chronological order of revelation. The first Surah to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is Surah Al-‘Alaq, revealing the first verses during the blessed Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr). Conversely, the last Surah to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is Surah An-Nasr, granted to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) near the end of his life.
First Surah of the Quran
The first surah in terms of the current order of the Quran is Surah Al-Fatihah, also known as “The Opening”. Surah al-Fatiha is the first Surah of the Quran. It consists of seven verses and is considered one of the most important Surahs in Islam. Muslims recite Surah Al-Fatihah in every unit of their daily prayers (Salah). It serves as an introduction to the Quran and sets the tone for seeking guidance, wisdom, and blessings from Allah, the Merciful and Compassionate.
The first Surah of the Quran to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Surah Al-‘Alaq, also known as “The Clot” or “The Clinging Clot.” It is the 96th Surah in the traditional order of the Quran and appears in the 30th Juz (section) of the Quran.
Surah Al-‘Alaq was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during the month of Ramadan, specifically on the Night of Decree (Laylat al-Qadr). This night is one of the most significant and blessed nights in Islam, as it marks the beginning of the revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad by the angel Gabriel (Jibril).
Last Surah of the Quran
The last surah in the Quran in terms of the current order is Surah An-Nas, also known as “The Mankind” or “The People.”. Surah al-Nas is the 114th and final Surah of the Quran. It consists of six verses and is a supplication seeking refuge in Allah from the evil whispers of Satan and seeking His protection from harm. As the last Surah, it emphasizes the continuous need for seeking Allah’s help and guidance throughout life.
The last Surah of the Quran to be revealed in terms of the order of revelation is considered by the majority of Scholars as Surah An-Nasr, also known as “The Help” or “The Divine Support.” It is the 110th Surah in the traditional order of the Quran and appears in the 30th Juz (section) of the Quran.
Surah An-Nasr was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during the final stages of his life, specifically during his return to Makkah after the Farewell Pilgrimage (Hajjat al-Wida) in the 10th year of the Islamic calendar. This Surah was revealed shortly before the passing of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Longest Surah in the Quran: Surah Al-Baqarah
Surah Al-Baqarah, also known as “The Cow,” is the second Surah of the Quran and is the longest Surah in the book. It consists of 286 verses (ayat) and covers various aspects of Islamic teachings, including laws, morality, guidance, and historical narratives.
The Surah addresses the Children of Israel, the importance of faith, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, and dealings with others. Surah Al-Baqarah is highly revered by Muslims and holds significant importance in Islamic jurisprudence and theology.
Shortest Surah in the Quran: Surah Al-Kawthar
Surah Al-Kawthar, also known as “Abundance” or “Goodness,” is the shortest Surah in the Quran. It consists of only three verses and is a concise but powerful reminder of Allah’s blessings and mercy. In these few verses, Muslims are reminded of the abundant goodness bestowed upon the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and are encouraged to be grateful for Allah’s favors.
The Quran comprises 114 Surahs, with each chapter holding its unique significance and message. Surah Al-Fatihah is the first Surah and serves as a foundational prayer in Islam, while Surah An-Nas is the last Surah, emphasizing the ongoing need for Allah’s protection.
The longest Surah, Surah Al-Baqarah, covers various aspects of Islamic teachings, and the shortest Surah, Surah Al-Kawthar, is a reminder of Allah’s blessings and mercy. Together, these Surahs form the spiritual and moral guidance for Muslims, providing them with wisdom, solace, and direction in their daily lives.