The History Of Compilation Of The Quran - Stages, Purposes And More!

Who Compiled The Quran?

The Quran was initially compiled during the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) under the supervision of companions like Zaid bin Thabet (RA), who diligently recorded each verse on various materials. This process ensured the preservation of Quranic revelations in written form during the Prophet’s lifetime.

Formal compilation efforts continued after his death, with Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) initiating the process and Zaid bin Thabet overseeing the collection and organization of Quranic verses into a single volume. Subsequent refinements were made during the caliphate of Uthman Bin Affan (RA), ensuring the standardization of the Quranic script and pronunciation. These meticulous efforts underscored the companions’ dedication to preserving and transmitting the Quran for future generations.

1. The Prophet Compiled the Quran:

The compilation of the Quran was a collaborative effort initiated during the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself. While the Quran was being revealed over a period of 23 years, companions of the Prophet, including scribes such as Zaid bin Thabet (RA), diligently recorded each verse on various materials, including parchments, palm leaves, and stones. This process of recording ensured that the Quranic revelations were preserved in written form during the lifetime of the Prophet.

Although the initial compilation primarily focused on recording the Quranic verses rather than organizing them into a single volume, it laid the groundwork for the subsequent compilation efforts during the caliphates of Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) and Uthman Bin Affan (RA). These early compilations were essential for preserving the integrity of the Quranic text and preventing any discrepancies or alterations.

Therefore, while the formal compilation and organization of the Quran into a single volume occurred after the Prophet’s death, the practice of writing down the Quranic revelations began during his lifetime under his direct supervision. This underscores the meticulous efforts undertaken by the companions to ensure the preservation and transmission of the Quran for future generations.

2. Abu Bakr Compiled the Quran:

The Quran was compiled under the leadership and supervision of several prominent figures in early Islamic history. Post The Prophet’s Death, The initial compilation was initiated during the caliphate of Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA) following the suggestion of Umar Ibn Al Khattab (RA). However, the actual compilation process was overseen by the scribe Zaid bin Thabet (RA), who was tasked with collecting and organizing the Quranic verses into a single volume.

During the reign of Abu Bakr Siddiq (RA), Zaid bin Thabet (RA) meticulously collected Quranic fragments from various sources, including written records, oral recitations, and memory. This compilation effort aimed to preserve the Quranic text from potential loss or alteration, particularly after the loss of many Quranic memorizers during the Yamama Battle.

3. Uthman Bin Affan Compilted the Quran:

While the initial compilation occurred during Abu Bakr’s caliphate, subsequent refinements and standardizations were undertaken during the reign of Uthman Bin Affan (RA). Under his leadership, a committee of companions, including Zaid bin Thabet, was tasked with standardizing the Quranic script and pronunciation to address linguistic variations among newly converted Muslims.

(Read a Full Documentation of the compilation of the Quran with all the historical details.)

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Who compiled the Quran? The compilation of the Quran was a collective effort led first by the prophet (saw) himself and was organized after he passed away by notable companions such as Abu Bakr Siddiq and Uthman Bin Affan, with Zaid bin Thabet playing a central role as the chief compiler of the Quranic text.

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