Tajweed is an Islamic science that allows you to recite the Quran properly and beautifully like prophet Muhammed’s (PBUH) recitation. You can learn it at home easily through online courses with highly qualified teachers.
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What is Tajweed?
If you look up the origins of tajweed as a term, you’ll find this word is derived from “Judah”. It’s an Arabic word that means “quality”.
The linguistic definition of tajweed’s meaning is “beautifying”, “improving”, or “perfecting”.
History of Learning Tajweed
The scholars were interested in writing tajweed rules in the third century of Hijra, after the Islamic state’s expansion. This period witnessed several mistakes from Muslims in reciting the Quran. These errors increased due to the difference in languages and dialects of non-Arab Muslims.
The science of tajweed existed practically at the time of the prophet Muhammed (PBUH). But after his death and the Islamic state’s expansion, the scholars started to write the rules of tajweed to establish it theoretically.
Al Khalil bin Ahmad Al-Farahidi was the founder of tajweed science. He was the first scholar who set its rules.
Why Is Tajweed Important?
There are many ways that can help you as a Muslim in all your life:
1. Become the best of people
Muslims who learn the Quran with tajweed become one of the best people. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:” The best of you are the ones who learn the Quran and teach it to others”.
2. A Key to enter paradise
Those who recite the Quran with tajweed will get intercession from the Quran on Judgement day.
Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:” The Quran is an intercessor and a truthful prosecutor. Whoever puts it in front of himself, will lead to Paradise. Whoever throws it behind his back, it will drive him into Hellfire.”
3. Get countless rewards
When you recite one letter in Quran, you get ten rewards.
Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:” Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.”
4. Be with noble angels
Quran’s reciters with tajweed will be with noble angels. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said:” Verily the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble angels”.
Is Tajweed Obligatory?
Numerous Muslims who are interested in learning the Quran wonder about the obligation of tajweed while reciting.
In Islam, tajweed is not mandatory. But learning its rules will help you to recite the Quran properly as the prophet Muhammed (PBUH) recited.
Moreover, learning tajweed is helpful for you to master reading Quranic Arabic and comprehend the verses’ meanings while reciting.
Does Salah Need Tajweed?
Muslims must read the Quran while praying in Arabic with the right diacritic marks. But it’s permitted to recite the verses without tajweed rules as it won’t make the prayer invalid.
Best Books of Tajweed in English
If you’re looking for resources that help you understand tajweed rules, check out the list of top books about tajweed in English: